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May is National High Blood Pressure Education Month. High blood pressure makes your heart work too hard and increases your risk of heart disease and stroke.The goal of hypertension treatment is to lower harmful high pressures and protect important organs,

Posted on 11 May, 2015 at 3:13
IT IS VERY IMPORTANT TO GET YOUR BLOOD PRESSURE CHECKED EVEN IF YOU ARE FEELING FINEHigh Blood Pressure is a silent Killer you can have it for years without knowing it, during this time,  HBP can damage your heart, blood vessels, kidneys, and other parts of your body. Making healthy changes to your lifestyle and knowing your blood pressure numbers will help you maintain, control and prevent High Blood Pressure (HPB).

Blood pressure readings have two numbers, for example 140/90mmHg.

  • If your top number is 140 or more - then you may have high blood pressure, regardless of your bottom number.
  • if your bottom number is 90 or more - then you may have high blood pressure, regardless your top number.
  • If your top number is 90 or less - then you may have low blood pressure, regardless of your bottom number.
  • If your bottom number is 60 or less - then you may have low blood pressure, regardless of your top number

While BP can change from minute to minute with changes in posture, exercise, stress or sleep, it should normally be less than 120/80 mm Hg (less than 120 systolic AND less than 80 diastolic) for an adult age 20 or over.

Systolic
  • The top number, which is also the higher of the two numbers, measures the pressure in the arteries when the heart beats (when the heart muscle contracts).
 Diastolic:
  • The bottom number, which is also the lower of the two numbers, measures the pressure in the arteries between heartbeats (when the heart muscle is resting between beats and refilling with blood).

Category
  Systolic
(top number)
              And
Diastolic
 (bottom Number)
Normal

less than 120
and/or

Less Than 80
Pre-hypertension

100-139
or

80-139
High Blood Pressure:

Stage 1

Stage 2
140-159

160 or Higher
or
  150-159

100 or Higher

  • If your blood pressure reading is higher than normal, your doctor may take several readings over time and/or have you monitor your blood pressure at home before diagnosing you with high blood pressure.

  • High blood pressure (HBP) is best treated with lifestyle changes and medicines. Everyone should be encouraged to make lifestyle modifications, such as eating a healthier diet, quitting smoking, Losing weight if you are overweight or obese, limiting alcohol to two drinks a day for men, one drink a day for women,  and getting more exercise.

Please seek your doctor's advice on your specific condition.  Treating high blood pressure usually is a lifelong effort. Your doctor will give you a blood pressure goal that is based on your health.

If your answer is yes to any or both of the following questions  below you shouldcall your doctor right away or seek immediate medical attention.

Is your blood pressure is much higher than normal?  (such as 180/110 or higher).

Do you think your high blood pressure is causing symptoms, such as:
  • Severe headache.

  • Blurry vision.
  • Nausea or vomiting.







Categories: Diseases

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